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Adjustment bond definition and purpose

On Behalf of | May 19, 2023 | BANKRUPTCY LAW - Chapter 11

In Idaho, adjustment bonds play a crucial role in corporate debt restructuring. These bonds provide corporations with a strategy to restructure a heavy debt burden during financial distress when they may not have the cash flow to cover their existing debt payments. By recapitalizing using adjustment bonds, a company can continue operating and have the chance to recover from its financial challenges.

Adjustment bonds defined

An adjustment bond is a new bond that a corporation exchanges for outstanding bonds to restructure its debt. The new bonds may consolidate other bonds and have different maturities and interest or coupon rates.


Corporations can use adjustment bonds as an alternative to filing for Chapter 11 bankruptcy. This strategy allows the company to address its financial challenges and avoid bankruptcy. Through the issuance of adjustment bonds, a corporation can restructure its debt, consolidate obligations and potentially negotiate more favorable terms with its creditors.

Some corporations may file for Chapter 11 bankruptcy, and adjustment bonds could become one of several restructuring activities undertaken to reorganize the company.

Adjustment bond benefits

When a company uses adjustment bonds to restructure its existing debt, it only pays interest on the bonds if it has the earnings to do so. This feature helps the company avoid defaulting on interest payments for the new bonds.

Bondholders must approve the terms of adjustment bonds, which encourages collaboration with the company. Also, when creditors receive adjustment bonds, they have an increased chance of receiving some repayment on the debt rather than having it completely liquidated if the company were to file bankruptcy.

Potential downsides

Bondholders may hold adjustment bonds much longer than the original ones while awaiting repayment. For example, the company may exchange a 30-year bond for a 50- or 100-year bond. Additionally, debt restructuring does not guarantee that the company will recover financially enough to repay the new bonds.

If the company does not have the earnings to cover payments when they become due, the missed interest payments may be wholly or partially accrued or waived in part or in full. The terms regarding the adjustment bond’s maturity and treatment of unpaid interest payments are typically negotiated between bondholders and the company during debt restructuring.

Understanding the options available for companies in financial distress can help them potentially avoid bankruptcy. It can also provide creditors with another outcome besides liquidation.